Corn Cockle


Lychnis githago Scop.
Notes (Corn Cockle):
If my land cry against me … Let thistles grow instead of wheat and cockle instead of barley.

This weed, rarely encouraged for its attractive lower, is more often regarded as a poisonous weed of wheat. In the United States, it is declared a noxious weed seed in Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Mississippi,
North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, and West Virginia.

Common Names (Corn Cockle):
Bolderik (Dutch; EFS); kamagra, Corn Campion (Eng.; GMH); Corn Cockle (Eng.; EFS); Corn Pink (Eng.; GMH); Darnell (Eng.; GMH); Gerzeau (Fr.; EFS); Gith (Eng.; GMH); Githage (Eng.; GMH); Git-taione (It.; EFS); Karamuk (Tur.; EFS); Kornrade (Ger.; EFS); Lolium (Eng.; JLH; GMH); Mazzet-
tone (It.; EFS); Neguillon (Sp.; EFS); Nielle des Bles (Fr.; EFS); Nigela dos Trigos (Por.; EFS); Nigella (Eng.; GMH); Raden (Ger.; JLH); Ray (Eng.; GMH); Tare (Eng.; GMH); Yeton (Arg.; EFS); Zizany (Eng.; GMH).

Activities (Corn Cockle):
Anesthetic (1; CRC); Antileukemic (1; X11408934); Antimitogenic (1; X11255109); Antimycotic (1; PH2); Antiproliferant (1; X11408934); Antiviral (1; X11408934); Apoptotic (1; X11408934); Bacteriostat (1; CRC; WO2); Cytotoxic (1; X14648395); Diuretic (f; BIB; CRC; EFS); Embryotoxic
(1; X11453369); Emmenagogue (f; BIB; CRC; EFS); Expectorant (f; BIB; CRC; EFS); Hemolytic (1; HH2); Hypotensive (1; WO2); Narcotic (1; WO2); Ribosome-inactivator (1; X11408934); Toxic (f1; PH2; WO2); Vermifuge (f; BIB; CRC; EFS); Vulnerary (1; FNF).

IndicatioNs (Corn Cockle):
Aposteme (f; CRC; JLH); Cancer (f; CRC); Cancer, uterus (f; JLH); Cough (f; PH2); Dermatosis (f; PH2); Dropsy (f; CRC; GMH); Edema (f; JLH; PH2); Exanthemata (f; CRC; WO2); Infection (1; HH2); Fungus (1; HH2); Gastrosis (f; BIB; CRC; PH2); Hemorrhoid (f; CRC; WO2); Induration (f;
JLH); Jaundice (f; CRC; EFS; GMH; WO2); Leukemia (1; X11408934); Mycosis (1; HH2); Paralysis (f; BIB; CRC); Swelling (f; JLH; PH2); Tumor (f; CRC); Uterosis (f; JLH); Virus (1; X11408934); Wart (f; JLH); Worm (f; BIB; PH2); Wound (1; FNF).

dosages (Corn Cockle):
Young leaves “used as a vegetable with vinegar and bacon for emergency food” (FAC). Homeo-pathic only (HH2; PH2).
Germans burned seeds until black and applied them to cancer (JHL).

Downsides (Corn Cockle):
No health hazards known in conjunction with proper administration of designated homeopathic dosages (PH2). Seed toxic, 2–3 g considered harmless to humans, over 5 g potentially lethal; signs of intoxication include colic, conjunctivosis, cramps, delirium, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, lachrymation, mucositis, and restlessness (PH2). The FDA Poisonous Plant database listed 95 citations as of November 2004.

Natural History (CorN CoCkle):
The large purple lowers have pale streaks, the “honey guides.” The long calyx teeth seem to serve as landing strips for butterlies and moths, which pollinate the lower. Nectar is secreted at the bottom of the tube, too deep for bees. Anthers shed their pollen before the stigmata mature (GMH).

extracts (Corn Cockle):
LD50 (saponin mix) = 750 mg/kg orl mus HH2. LD50 (saponin mix) = 2.3 mg/kg ivn rat HH2.
LD50 (saponin mix) = 50 mg/kg orl rat HH2. Sprouts contain allantoin.

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